Coding Whiteness and Racialization: Living in the Space as an Insider-Outsider


  • Nuray Karaman Usak University



Whiteness, Racialization, Intersectionality, Politic of Location, Autoethnography, Muslim Identity, Islam


This study analyzes whiteness from the perspectives of “politic of location” to understand how it has changed and applied across the globe, rather than ignoring the relevancy of white supremacy for some geographies that have a racially homogenous population. The first part of the article interrogates my personal experiences of whiteness in Turkey which has a racially homogenous population. In Turkey, my experiences with whiteness were not as a result of directly having white bodies, but rather by being a part of the dominant culture, nation, religion, and language. The second part of this study discusses my experiences of whiteness in the United States. I highlight the different ways in which I experienced whiteness that had to do with my position as a Muslim Turkish woman in racially diverse America. In this autoethnography, by showing my relations and experiences within the discourse of whiteness and racialization of Muslims, I show how whiteness has significantly different meanings in different locations, and how whiteness’s ideology affects people’s experiences through local and global power relations.

Author Biography

Nuray Karaman, Usak University

Nuray Karaman is an Instructor in the Department of Sociology at Uşak University, Turkey. She completed her Master’s Degree at Florida Atlantic University and obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Tennessee under the mentoring of Dr. Michelle Christian. (Dissertation title: “Experiences of Muslim Female Students in Knoxville: At the Intersection of Race, Gender, and Religion”) Her research focuses on social theory, political economy, race, and gender. Her recent research article titled “My Hijab Is Like My Skin Color”: Muslim Women Students, Racialization, and Intersectionality was published in Sociology of Race and Ethnicity.


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How to Cite

Karaman, N. (2022). Coding Whiteness and Racialization: Living in the Space as an Insider-Outsider. Journal of International Students, 12(S2), 124–140.