Sociocultural Adaptation Among University Students in Hungary: The Case of International Students From Post-Soviet Countries

Authors

  • Aigerim Yerken Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University & M. Narikbayev KAZGUU University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0753-1958
  • Róbert Urbán Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd Universit
  • Lan Anh Nguyen Luu Institute of Intercultural Psychology and Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v12i4.4076

Keywords:

sociocultural adaptation, psychological adaptation, international students, post-Soviet countries, higher education, Hungary

Abstract

With the number of international students increasing worldwide, the sociocultural adaptation difficulties that sojourners face should be addressed adequately. This study explored the sociocultural adaptation of international students (N = 267,Mage = 24.5, SD = 4.7) in Hungary. The exploratory factor analysis of the Sociocultural Adaptation Scale yielded five factors: Affiliative Relations, Bureaucracy and Services, Power Relations, Cultural Understanding, and Academic Performance. The students’ countries of origin (post-Soviet countries versus others) and locations of residence (the capital versus small cities) were determinants of sociocultural adaptation. Depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and lower life satisfaction were associated with greater sociocultural adaptation difficulties. Resilient coping was linked with a lower level of difficulties in academic performance (rs = −.20) and cultural understanding (rs = −.15). Our findings supported that the students’ countries of origin, places of residence, and mental health should be considered in improving counseling and educational programs targeting international students.

Author Biographies

Aigerim Yerken, Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University & M. Narikbayev KAZGUU University

Aigerim Yerken is currently a Ph.D. candidate in the Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary. She also works as a senior lecturer at M. Narikbayev KAZGUU University in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. Her primary research interests lie in the area of cross-cultural and social psychology, with a focus on the adaptation and acculturation processes of newcomers, ethnic identity, and gender beliefs. Email: yerkenaigerim@gmail.com

Róbert Urbán, Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd Universit

Róbert Urbán works as a professor of psychology at Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Education and Psychology. His research focuses on health-related behaviors (smoking, e-cigarette, eating behaviors, unhealthy use of alcohol, technology-related problem behaviors), psychosocial determinants of health and diseases (psychosocial epidemiology), measurement models, psychometrics. Email: urban.robert@ppk.elte.hu

Lan Anh Nguyen Luu, Institute of Intercultural Psychology and Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University

Lan Anh Nguyen Luu is a professor of psychology and director of the Institute of Intercultural Psychology and Education at the Faculty of Education and Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary. Her main research interests are acculturation, ethnic identity, gender beliefs, and teachers’ attitudes toward diversity. Email: lananh@ppk.elte.hu

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Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

Yerken, A., Urbán, R., & Nguyen Luu, L. A. (2022). Sociocultural Adaptation Among University Students in Hungary: The Case of International Students From Post-Soviet Countries. Journal of International Students, 12(4). https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v12i4.4076