Loneliness Among African International Students at Portuguese Universities





acculturation orientation, international students, loneliness, migrations, perceived discrimination


International students constitute an important sojourner group. This study examined the levels and predictors of loneliness among international students. The sample included 188 Angolan, 210 Cape Verdean, and 221 domestic college students who attended Portuguese institutions of higher education. The relative strengths of background and acculturation factors in loneliness, as an indicator of psychological adaptation, were explored. Results showed that international students reported greater levels of loneliness than native-born students. As expected, results showed that students who reported poorer financial situation, greater perceived discrimination, and lower home culture and host culture acculturation orientation scores reported higher loneliness. In addition, using hierarchical regression analyses, current findings suggest that the most significant predictors of loneliness for international students were financial situation, perceived discrimination, and orientation to heritage culture. Implications of these results for reducing loneliness of international students are discussed.


Author Biography

Félix Neto, University of Porto, Portugal

FELIX NETO, PhD, is a Full Professor Emeritus of Psychology in the Department of Psychology at the University of Porto, Portugal. His research interests include social psychology and cross-cultural psychology (especially, migration, mental health, love, loneliness, and forgiveness).


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How to Cite

Neto, F. (2021). Loneliness Among African International Students at Portuguese Universities . Journal of International Students, 11(2), 397–416. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v11i2.1379



Research Articles (English)