“I am not an Immigrant. I am an International Student"

A Qualitative Study of Adaptation Experiences of Turkish International Students in Germany





adaptation, Turkish international students, sojourner, consensual qualitative method, college counseling


This study used the consensual qualitative research method (Hill, 2015) and examined the adaptation process of 15 Turkish international students at different German universities. The results of this study yielded four primary domains of adaptation experiences: perceptions of Germany, adaptation challenges, the contributing factors in adaptation experiences, and attitudes toward counseling services. Implications for counseling practice and future directions are discussed in light of the results of this study.

Author Biographies

Seda Erturk, Eötvös Loránd University

SEDA ERTURK is currently a Ph.D. candidate in the Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) Budapest/Hungary. She holds a BA in psychological counseling and guidance from Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun/Turkey, and an MA in intercultural psychology and education from Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest/Hungary. Her research interest includes ethnic identity, acculturation, multiculturalism. Email: erturk.seda@ppk.elte.hu

Kemal Oker, Eötvös Loránd University

KEMAL OKER is currently a Ph.D. candidate in the Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) Budapest/Hungary. He holds a BA in psychology from Middle East Technical University, Ankara/Turkey, and an MA in clinical psychology from Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest/Hungary. His primary research interests lie in the area of clinical, and health psychology. Email: kemal.oker@ppk.elte.hu

Lan Anh Nguyen Luu, Eötvös Loránd University

LAN ANH NGUYEN LUU She is an associate professor and director of the Institute of Intercultural Psychology and Education and the Socialization and Social Processes PhD Program at the Psychology Doctoral School at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary. Her main research interests are acculturation, ethnic identity, gender beliefs, and teachers’ attitudes toward diversity. Email: lananh@ppk.elte.hu  


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How to Cite

Erturk, S., Oker, K., & Nguyen Luu, L. A. (2021). “I am not an Immigrant. I am an International Student": A Qualitative Study of Adaptation Experiences of Turkish International Students in Germany. Journal of International Students, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v12i3.3776



Research Articles