Exploring the Feelings of International Students

When We Learn Virtually during the COVID-19 Pandemic


  • Dewi Puspitasari
  • Wiwien Widyawati Rahayu
  • Rohmatunnazilah
  • Suwarno




feeling, learning experience, sociocultural theory, students’ voices, systemic functional linguistics


This narrative study aims to explore the feelings of two Indonesian students studying in Saudi Arabia and the Netherlands in relation to their learning experience during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were garnered from semi-structured interviews and were analyzed with Martin and White’s language appraisal (2005) theory as well as Bourdieu’s cultural capital and Giddens’ structuration theories. Findings showed that the participants experienced dissatisfaction and insecurity during the learning process. However, they demonstrated adaptability and coping strategies manifested through making peace with themselves.

Author Biographies

Dewi Puspitasari

Dewi Puspitasari (corresponding author) is an English language lecturer in the Department of English Education at the Faculty of Teacher Education, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan. Currently, she dedicates herself in language teaching and literacy community empowerment. Her research interests lie in critical discourse analysis and critical literacy. Email: dewi.puspitasari@iainpekalongan.ac.id

Wiwien Widyawati Rahayu

Wiwien Widyawati Rahayu is a lecturer at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Her research interests lie in Javanese literature, literature sociology, feminism, critical discourse analysis, and media and cultural studies. Email: wiwien.fib@ugm.ac.id


Rohmatunnazilah is an English teacher at SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Yogyakarta. She is a doctoral student in the linguistics program at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Her research interests are in critical discourse analysis, legal discourse on education, feminist theory, and socio-cultural studies. Email: rohmatunnazilah2019@mail.ugm.ac.id


Suwarno is an English lecturer assistant at Politeknik Negeri Batam. His research interests include English for specific purposes, critical discourse analysis, and sociocultural studies. Email: suwarno@polibatam.ac.id


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How to Cite

Puspitasari, D., Rahayu, W. W., Rohmatunnazilah, & Suwarno. (2020). Exploring the Feelings of International Students: When We Learn Virtually during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of International Students, 10(S3), 142–160. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v10iS3.3204