Brazilian and Nigerian International Students’ Conceptions of Learning in Higher Education


  • Carol Ashong Georgia State University
  • Nannette Commander Georgia State University



conceptions of learning, international students, Brazilian Students, Nigerian Students, higher education


The growth of international students compels examination of introspective aspects of learning experiences such as conceptions of learning. Additionally, learning conceptions profoundly impact learning outcomes (Tsai, 2009). To address the lack of research on learning conceptions of students from Africa and South America, this study examines Brazilian and Nigerian students' conceptions of learning while studying in the U.S. Reflective diaries and interviews reveal an awareness of learning as not limited to the classroom, along with clear themes regarding ideas about learning and actual learning experiences. Findings provide valuable information to institutions regarding academic support and assistance for international students.

Author Biographies

Carol Ashong, Georgia State University

CAROL ASHONG, PhD, is an instructor of education. Her research focuses on culture and learning, international, immigrant and refugee student populations. She recently taught educational psychology courses at Georgia State University

Nannette Commander, Georgia State University

NANNETTE COMMANDER, Ph.D. is a Professor in the Department of
Educational Psychology and Special Education at Georgia State University.




How to Cite

Ashong, C., & Commander, N. (2017). Brazilian and Nigerian International Students’ Conceptions of Learning in Higher Education. Journal of International Students, 7(2), 163–187.



Research Articles (English)


Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.