Pluralising Mobility

Women Pilgrims and Wandering Bodhisattvas


  • Kalyani Unkule O.P. Jindal Global University



Internationalization, Mobility, Wandering, Spiritual Learning, Knowledge-creation, Pilgrimage


In higher education internationalisation literature, mobility has almost exclusively been analysed with reference to study abroad for academic and professional development purposes. The cost incurred is an impoverishment of frames to guide the exchange student, to converse with the nomad-scholar, and to make sense of knowledge from the borderlands. Not only has the COVID-19 pandemic been a shock to conventional expectations about mobility but it has also presented an opportunity to engage with the justifications, ethics, and limits of travel, anew. This article centers experiences of women’s pilgrimages in medieval Europe and wandering Asian seeker-scholars in the ancient world to invite inquiry into mobility as a complex, normative paradigm and an imaginative re-engagement with its multi-faceted implications for learning. 

Author Biography

Kalyani Unkule, O.P. Jindal Global University

Kalyani Unkule is Associate Professor at O.P. Jindal Global University in India. Her research complements her practice in intercultural dialogue and impact-driven projects in higher education internationalisation and spiritual learning. She can be reached via email at


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How to Cite

Unkule, K. (2022). Pluralising Mobility: Women Pilgrims and Wandering Bodhisattvas. Journal of International Students, 12(4), 1026–1031.



Research in Briefs (English)