Insights into Saudi Female International Students
Keywords:coping resources, Saudi female international students, transition experiences, transition theory
This study explored the transition experiences of 10 Saudi female international students when they made the decision to study and live in the United States. The transition theory provided the theoretical foundation for understanding how Saudi female sophomore students progressed through moving to a Midwestern university. Ten in-depth individual interviews followed by a focus group interview with four of the participants elicited their reflections about their transition experiences evolving over time and the coping strategies they employed to facilitate their transition. The themes that emerged from data analysis emphasized the positive experiences of Saudi females in the United States, the importance of fathers’ support, desire to go back to Saudi Arabia upon graduation, and the several resources Saudi females sought other than campus support.
Abo Rabia, H. (2015). Arab international students’ experiences in a U.S. university (Publication No. 10016577) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Hartford]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
Al Asfour, A., & Khan, S. (2014). Workforce localization in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Issues and challenges. Human Resources Development International, 17(4), 243–253.
Al Remaih, D. (2016). Social and academic challenges facing Saudi female students in the United States of America (Publication No. 10130059) [Doctoral dissertation, The Claremont Graduate University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
Alferaehy, R. (2016). My right to drive: Women rights in Saudi Arabia explored through the lens of religion (Publication No. 10189308) [Master’s thesis, The George Washington University). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
Arafeh, A. (2018, May). I dreamt, I achieved: Insights into Saudi female students on an American campus. NAFSA Research Symposium Series, Vol. (2). American University, Washington DC.
BBC News. (2015, December 12). Saudi Arabia’s women voted for elections for the first time. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-35075702
Bevis, T., & Lucas, C. (2007). International students in American colleges and universities: A history. New York: Palgrave.
Bhandari, R., & Bluementhal, P. (Eds). (2011). International students and global mobility in higher education: National trends and new directions. Palgrave Macmillan.
Charles-Toussaint, G., Crowson, M. (2010). Prejudice against international students: The role of threat perceptions and authoritarian disposition in U.S. students. The Journal of Psychology, 144(5), 413–428.
Chickering, A., & Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity. Jossey-Bass.
Crowther, S., Ironside, P., Spenser, D., & Smythe, L. (2016). Crafting stories in hermeneutic phenomenological research: A methodological device. Qualitative Health Research, 27(6), 826–835. doi:10.1177/1049732316656161
Davis, E. M. (2014). Saudi women international students in the United States: A qualitative examination of cultural adjustment (Publication No. 3632085) [Doctoral dissertation, Ball State University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
Davis, E., & McGovern K. (2015). The cultural adjustment of Saudi women international students: A qualitative examination. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46(3), 406–434.
Eissner, B. (2016). The impact of the presidential election on American Muslims. https://www.adelphi.edu/news/the-impact-of-the-presidential-election-on-american-muslims/
Evans, N., Forney, D., Guido, F., Patton, L., & Renn, K. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice. Jossey-Bass.
Friedman, G. (2016, December 3). We must set Muslims against ISIS. Newsmax Finance. http://www.newsmax.com/Finance/GeorgeFriedman/muslims-isis-trump-terrorism/2016/12/03/id/762009/
Goodman, J., Schlossberg, N., & Anderson, M. (2006). Counseling adults in transition. Springer.
Guillen, P., & Ji, D. (2011). Trust, discrimination, and acculturation: Experimental evidence on Asian international and domestic Australian domestic university students. Journal of Socio-Economics, 40(5), 594–608.
Hakami, S. (2012). Applying the Rasch model to measure acculturation challenges faced by Saudi female students in the United States (Publication No. 3550102) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Northern Colorado]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
Hendrickson, B., Rosen, D., & Aune, R. (2011). An analysis of friendship networks, social connectedness, homesickness and satisfaction levels of international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(3), 281–295.
Hotta, J., & Ting-Toomey, S. (2013). Intercultural adjustment and friendship dialectical in international students: A qualitative study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37(5), 550–566.
Institute of International Education (IIE). (November, 18, 2019). Number of International Students in the United States Hits All-Time High. Retrieved May 29, 2020, from https://www.iie.org/Why-IIE/Announcements/2019/11/Number-of-International-Students-in-the-United-States-Hits-All-Time-High
Jones, S., & Abes, E. (2013). Identity development of college students: Advancing frameworks for multiple dimensions of identity. Jossey-Bass.
Kent, A., & Frohlich, T. (2015). The 9 most segregated cities in America. The
Kim, E. (2012). An alternative theoretical model: Examining psychosocial identity development of international students in the United States. College Student Journal, 46(1), 99–113.
King Abdullah Scholarship Program. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.sacm.org/
Lambert, S. D., & Loiselle, C. (2008). Combining individual interviews and focus groups to enhance data richness. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(2), 228-237.
Le Renard, A. (2014). A society of young women. Stanford University Press.
Miles, M., Huberman, M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods Sourcebook. Sage.
Ministry of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia (2020). Retrieved from https://www.moe.gov.sa/en/HigherEducation/governmenthighereducation/Pages/default.aspx
Morgan, D. L. (1997). Qualitative research methods series, Vol. 16. Focus groups as qualitative research (2nd ed.). Sage. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412984287
Nawar, I. (2007). Portraying women in the western and Arab media, general remarks. http://www.iemed.org/publicacions/quaderns/8/q8_095.pdf
Pandit K. (2013) International Students and Diversity. In: Alberts H.C., Hazen H.D. (eds)
International Students and Scholars in the United States. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137024473_7
Patton, M. (2015). Qualitative research and evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage.
Pedersen, P. (1995). The five stages of culture shock: Critical incidents around the world. Greenwood Press.
Presbitero, A. (2016). Culture shock and reverse culture shock: The moderating role of cultural intelligence in international students’ adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 53, 28–38.
Ramos, M., Cassidy, C., Reicher, S., & Haslam, A. (2016). A longitudinal study of the effects of discrimination on the acculturation strategies of international students. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 47(3), 401–420.
Saudi Arabian Cultural Mission. (2016). Saudi Cultural Mission to the United States. http://www.sacm.org/ArabicSACM/pdf/education_web.pdf
Sarsour, L. (2018, January 30). Linda Sarsour: Trump’s anti-Muslim rhetoric helps united America against him. Time. http://time.com/5124920/president-trump-anti-muslim-policies/
Schlossberg, N. (1983). Counseling adults in transition. Springer.
Shapiro, S., Farrelly, R., & Tomas, Z. (2014). Fostering international student success in higher education. TESOL International Association.
Siemaszko, C. (2015). Hate attacks on Muslims in U.S. spike after recent acts of terrorism. NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/hate-attacks-muslims-u-s-spike-after-recent-acts-terrorism-n482456
Sullivan, K., Izadi, E., & Bailey, S. (2015). After Paris and California attacks, U.S. Muslims feeling tense backlash. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/after-paris-and-california-attacks-us-muslims-feel-intense-backlash/2015/12/03/bcf8e480-9a09-11e5-94f0-9eeaff906ef3_story.html
Taylor, C. & Albasri, W. (2014). The impact of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah’s scholarship program in the U.S. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 109-118. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276419788_The_Impact_of_Saudi_Arabia_King_Abdullah%27s_Scholarship_Program_in_the_US
The Global Terrorism Index. (2015). http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Global-Terrorism-Index-2015.pdf
Ting-Toomey, S. (1999). Communicating across cultures. Guilford Press.
Wayt, L. (2012). The impact of students’ academic and social relationships on college student persistence [Master’s thesis, University of Nebraska, Lincoln]. DigitalCommons. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1108andcontext=cehsedaddiss
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of International Students
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All published articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License.