Newly Arrived South Asian Students’ Experience with the Canadian Healthcare System

Authors

  • Inderpreet Khunkhun Thompson Rivers University
  • Dr. Bonnie Fournier

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32674/jcihe.v13i2.2138

Keywords:

Canada, healthcare system, international students, small town, South Asian students

Abstract

In this article, we report on the experiences of newly arrived South Asian international students (undergraduate and graduate levels) with accessing healthcare services in a small town setting in British Columbia, Canada. The objective of the study was to better understand the barriers and facilitators of accessing healthcare services. We used a qualitative design with an exploratory approach and conducted 8 semi-structured interviews with South Asians students that had newly arrived in the city of Kamloops and had been enrolled at Thompson Rivers University (TRU) for less than 12 months. Findings included barriers such as needing more information during on campus orientation, inefficiencies of the healthcare system, and accessing healthcare service. Facilitators of accessing healthcare services included attending campus orientation, having a curiosity, and a social support system. These findings provide new knowledge regarding the barriers and facilitators of accessing healthcare in Canada. In order to better meet the needs of international students programs and services must be tailored to this unique group of students.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akhtar, M., & Kroner-Herwig, B. (2015). Acculturative stress among international students in context of docio-demographic variables and coping styles. Current Psychology, 34(4), 803–815. doi:10.1007/s12144-015-9303-4.

Asanin, J., & Wilson, K. (2008). “I spent nine years looking for a doctor”: Exploring access to health care among immigrants in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Social Science & Medicine, 66(6), 1271–1283. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.11.043

Beaujot, R. (2003). Effect of immigration on the Canadian population: Replacement migration? PSC Discussion Papers Series, 17(3), 1–31.

Beiser, M. (2005). The health of immigrants and refugees in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96(S2), 30–44. doi: 10.1007/bf03403701

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. doi: 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Burgess, K., Mckenzie, W., & Fehr, F. (2016). International female students’ experiences of navigating the Canadian health care system in a small town setting. Intercultural Education, 27(5), 425-436. doi:10.1080/14675986.2016.1240501

Calder, M. J., Richter, S., Mao, Y., Kovacs Burns, K., Mogale, R. S., & Danko, M. (2016). International students attending Canadian universities: Their experiences with housing, finances, and other issues. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 46(2), 92–110.

Canadian Bureau for International Education. (2018). Ottawa. Retrieved from http://www.cbie.ca/about-ie/facts-and-figures/

Citizenship and Immigration Canada. (2013). Economic and social objectives of immigration: The evidence that informs immigration levels and education mix. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/ircc/migration/ircc/english/resources/research/documents/pdf/r33-2013-econ-social.pdf

Education.com. (2019). International student affairs. Higher Education Abstracts, 54(1), 43–43. doi: 10.1111/hea.32_12122

Güvendir, M. A. (2018). The relation of an International Student Center’s Orientation Training Sessions with international students’ achievement and integration to university. Journal of International Students, 8(2), 843–860. doi: 10.32674/jis.v8i2.117

Higginbottom, G., & Safipour, J. (2015). Access to primary health care by new and established immigrants in Canada. Journal of Family Medicine & Community Health, (5), 1. Retrieved from https://ezproxy.tru.ca/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsswe&AN=edsswe.oai.DiVA.org.lnu.46354&site=eds-live

ICEF Monitor. (2019). Canada's foreign student enrolment took another big jump in 2018. Retrieved from https://monitor.icef.com/2019/02/canadas-foreign-student-enrolment-took-another-big-jump-2018/

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. (2019). 2018 Annual report. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/publications-manuals/annual-report-parliament-immigration-2018/report.html

Integrated Planning and Effectiveness. (2018). Thompson Rivers University: Factbook Fiscal Year 2017-18. Retrieved from https://www.tru.ca/__shared/assets/Factbook_2017_201843576.pdf

Jones, K. R., (2013). Developing and implementing a mandatory online student orientation. Online Learning, 17(1). doi: 10.24059/olj.v17i1.312

Kidd, C., & Hayden, B. Y. (2015). The psychology and neuroscience of curiosity. Neuron, 88(3), 449–460. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.09.010

Lum, I. D., Swartz, R. H., & Kwan, M. Y. (2016). Accessibility and use of primary healthcare for immigrants living in the Niagara Region. Social Science & Medicine,156, 73-79. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.03.024

Mackert, M., Koh, H., Mabry-Flynn, A., Champlin, S., & Beal, A. (2017). Domestic and international college students: Health insurance information seeking and use. Journal of International Students, 7(3), 542–561. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.570016

Maguire, M., & Delahunt, B. (2017). Doing a thematic analysis: A practical, step-by-step guide for learning and teaching scholars. Retrieved from http://ojs.aishe.org/index.php/aishe-j/article/viewFile/335/553.

Mental Health Commission of Canada. (2019). Immigrant, refugee, ethnocultural and racialized populations and the social determinants of health. Retrieved from https://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/sites/default/files/2019-03/irer_report_mar_2019_eng.pdf

Newbold, K. B. (2005). Self-rated health within the Canadian immigrant population: Risk and the healthy immigrant effect. Social Science & Medicine, 60(6), 1359–1370. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.06.048

Presbitero, A. (2016). Culture shock and reverse culture shock: The moderating role of cultural intelligence in international students’ adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 53, 28–38. https://doi-org.ezproxy.tru.ca/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2016.05.004

Roslyn Kunin & Associates, Inc. (2018). Economic impact of international education in Canada – 2017 update. Retrieved from https://www.international.gc.ca/education/report-rapport/impact-2017/index.aspx?lang=eng

Thompson Rivers University. (2018). Medical Insurance. Retrieved from https://www.tru.ca/truworld/new-students/medical-insurance.html

Thompson Rivers University. (2019). Support Services for International Students. Retrieved from https://www.tru.ca/truworld/future-students/support-services.html

Statistics Canada. (2016). Dependency ratio. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-229-x/2009001/demo/dep-eng.htm

Statistics Canada. (2018). Immigration and ethnocultural diversity in Canada. Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm

Zhang, X., Yu, P., & Yan, J. (2014). Patients' adoption of the e-appointment scheduling service: A case study in primary healthcare. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25087546

Zhao, P., Yoo, I., Lavoie, J., Lavoie, B. J., & Simoes, E. (2017). Web-based medical appointment systems: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(4). doi: 10.2196/jmir.6747

Downloads

Published

2021-05-05 — Updated on 2021-05-07

Versions

How to Cite

Khunkhun, I., & Fournier, B. (2021). Newly Arrived South Asian Students’ Experience with the Canadian Healthcare System. Journal of Comparative &Amp; International Higher Education, 13(2), 53–64. https://doi.org/10.32674/jcihe.v13i2.2138 (Original work published May 5, 2021)

Issue

Section

Research Article