Minority Discourse and Social Exclusion: A Study on the Ahmadiyya Community in Bangladesh





'Ahmadiyya community', 'Bangladesh', 'discourse analysis', ', 'religious minority', 'social exclusion'


This paper explains the structure of discourse propagated by the traditional religious authorities and its role in creating social exclusion of the Ahmadiyya community in Bangladesh. Utilizing the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) method, the study expanded on the relevant literature and purposively reviewed and examined eight videos about Ahmadiyya and anti-Ahmadiyya speeches collected from different YouTube channels. The study also included the discursive analysis of eight in-depth interviews with individuals from the Ahmadiyya community who lived in the Brahmanbaria district of Bangladesh and were influenced and affected by the dominant discourse. Results revealed that the construction of in-group, defamatory, and derogatory discourses cultivated a culture of social hatred and social ostracism against the Ahmadiyya community and homogeneity within the community. Thereby, the Ahmadiyya community was excluded from social participation, economic facilities, and political protections, though they partially excluded themselves following their cult. Finally, the paper recommends ideology construction, reformation in social relationships disregarding the majority-minority wall, and standard state regulation for cultural development in the behavioral aspects among the people of Bangladesh.


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Author Biographies

Ashek Mahmud, Jagannath University, Bangladesh

ASHEK MAHMUD, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. His research interest lies in the area of mass media, minority rights, and social development. Email: ashmahmud@gmail.com.

Sadeka Halim , University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

SADEKA HALIM, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Her research interest lies in the area of ethnicity, minority rights, and women empowerment. Email: sadeka.halim@du.ac.bd.


M Rezaul Islam, Professor, Institute of Social Welfare & Research, University of Dhaka, email: rezauldu@gmail.com

Professor Joseph Wronka , Department of Social Work

Springfield College, and Representative to the United Nations in New York for the

International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW), email: josephwronka@gmail.com