Exercise Motivations

Differentiation of International and Domestic College Students





domestic college students, EMI-s, exercise, healthy lifestyle, international college students, motivations


As the number of international and domestic college students has increased, the importance of developing healthy lifestyles has been getting significant attention from college administrators. The current study was designed to determine if differences occur in exercise motivation between international and domestic college students. A total of 155 college students from a southwestern U.S. university completed the Exercise Motivations Inventory–2 through the university’s online active research system. Analyses indicated that international students possessed a higher motivation to exercise for revitalization, while domestic students were more motivated for a challenge, competition, and social recognition. The findings suggest that campus health professionals or wellness administrators may need to utilize different strategies to promote the health of international college students through exercise programs.

Author Biographies

Dongwook Cho, Alcorn State University, USA

DONGWOOK CHO, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation at Alcorn State University. The primary areas of his research interests are motivations and constraints of physical and leisure activities, recreation, exercise, and sport participation with different age groups, racial minorities, and ethnic groups

Steve Beck, Oklahoma State University, USA

STEVE BECK, PhD, is the State 4-H Youth Development Program Leader at Oklahoma State University. His research interests include place bonding, positive youth development, and recreational motivation

Sung Kyeom Kim, Dongseo University, South Korea

SUNG KYOEM KIM, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Leisure and Sport Sciences at Dongseo University. His major research interests lie in the areas of sport, exercise, and leisure participation behavior, attitude, and satisfaction levels.


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How to Cite

Cho, D., Beck, S., & Kim, S. K. (2020). Exercise Motivations: Differentiation of International and Domestic College Students. Journal of International Students, 10(3), 688–702. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v10i3.763



Research Articles (English)