Academic Honesty in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme
Student, Teacher, and School Perspectives
Keywords:Academic integrity, administrators, Diploma Programme, students, teachers
Much of the existing research on academic integrity surveys students. This study compares survey responses of students, teachers, and school administrators from schools in 76 countries worldwide. The surveys addressed their knowledge, understanding, and attitudes toward academic honesty, how it is taught at their school, as well as school experiences. Results indicate that students mostly learn about academic integrity in the classroom. Most schools have a process to ensure students know about academic honesty, but half of schools indicate there is no similar process for teachers. State schools rely significantly more on student and teacher initiative to refresh or check their knowledge, such as accessing handbooks, and less on offering targeted student or teacher academic integrity training, than private schools.
Bacha, N. N., Bahous, R., & Nabhani, M. (2012). High schoolers’ views on academic integrity. Research Papers in Education, 27(3), 365–381. doi:10.1080/02671522.2010.550010
Balbuena, S. E., & Lamela, R. A., (2015). Prevalence, motives, and views of academic dishonesty in Higher Education. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 3(2), 69–75.
Barnhardt, B. (2016). The “epidemic” of cheating depends on its definition: A critique of inferring moral quality of “cheating in any form.” Ethics and Behavior, 26(4), 330–343. doi:10.1080/20508422.2015.1026595
Bingham, T., Reid, S., & Ivanovic, V. (2016). Paint me a picture: translating academic integrity policies and regulations into visual content for an online course. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 12(2). doi:10.1007/s40979-016-0008-8
Bretag, T., Mahmud, S., East, J., Green, M., James, C., McGowan, U., & Walker, R. (2011). Academic integrity standards: A preliminary analysis of the academic integrity policies at Australian universities [Paper presentation]. Australian Quality Forum, Melbourne, Australia.
Bretag, T., Mahmud, S., Wallace, M., Walker, R., McGowen, U., East, J., Green, M., Partridge, L., & James, C. (2014). ‘Teach us how to do it properly!’ An Australian academic integrity student survey. Studies in Higher Education, 39(7), 1150–1169.
Cranmer, S. (2006). Children and young people’s uses of the Internet for homework, Learning, Media and Technology, 31(3), 301–315. doi:10.1080/17439880600893358
Cronan, T. P., Mullins, J. K. 1., & Douglas, D. E. (2018). Further understanding factors that explain freshman business students’ academic integrity intention and behavior: Plagiarism and sharing homework. Journal of Business Ethics, 147(1), 197–220. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2988-3
Eaton, S. E., Crossman, K., & Edino, R. I. (2019). Academic integrity in Canada: An annotated bibliography. University of Calgary. http://hdl.handle.net/1880/110130
Fass-Holmes, B. (2017). International students reported for academic integrity violations: Demographics, retention, and graduation. Journal of International Students, 7(3), 644–669. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.570026
Geddes, K. A. (2011). Academic dishonesty among gifted and high-achieving students. Gifted Child Today, 34(2), 50–56.
Grigg, G. (2010). Plagiarism in higher education: confronting the policy dilemma [Doctoral dissertation, University of Melbourne, Australia]. http://hdl.handle.net/11343/35610
Hamer, R., Burbidge, T., & Garza, C. (2016). Student, teacher and school coordinator understanding of academic honesty within the IB diploma programme [Paper presentation]. International Association for Educational Assessment, Cape Town, South Africa.
Higher Education Statistics Agency. (n.d.). International baccalaureate students studying at UK higher education institutions: How do they perform in comparison with A level students? http://ibo.org/contentassets/d74675437b4f4ab38312702599a432f1/hesa_final_report.pdf
Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organisations—Software of the Mind. McGraw-Hill.
Hudd, S. S., Apgar, C., Bronson, E. F., & Lee, R. G. (2009). Creating a campus culture of integrity: Comparing the perspectives of full-and part-time faculty. The Journal of Higher Education, 80(2), 146–177.
Hughes, J. M. C., & McCabe, D. L. (2006a). Academic misconduct within higher education in Canada. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 36(2), 1–2.
Hughes, J. M. C., & McCabe, D. L. (2006b). Understanding academic misconduct. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 36(1), 49-63.
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (2014). Report on the trial MYP eAssessments held in October and December 2013.
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (2015). Data retrieved from the IB Management Information Portal, accessed 8 July 2015.
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (2016). The IB diploma programme statistical bulletin May 2016 examination session. https://ibo.org/about-the-ib/facts-and-figures/statistical-bulletins/diploma-programme-statistical-bulletin/
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (n.d.-a). Why the IB is different. www.ibo.org/benefits/why-the-ib-is-different)
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (n.d.-b). The DP curriculum. www.ibo.org/programmes/diploma-programme/curriculum/)
Jones, I. S., Blankenship, D., & Hollier, G. (2013). Am I cheating? An analysis of online students’ perceptions of their behaviours and attitudes. Psychology Research, 3(5), 261–269.
Khalid, A. (2015.) Comparison of academic misconduct across disciplines—Faculty and student perspectives. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 3(4), 258–268.
Löfström, E., Trotman, T., Furnari, M., & Shephard, K. (2015). Who teaches academic integrity and how do they teach it? Higher Education, 69(3), 435–448.
Mohr, T., Ingram, D., Fell, N., & Mabey, R. (2011). The case for academic integrity in physical therapist education. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 24(2), 51–56.
Perry, B. (2010). Exploring academic misconduct: some insights into student behaviour. Active Learning in Higher Education, 11, 97–108.
Pincus, H. S., & Schmelkin, L. P. (2003). Faculty perceptions of academic dishonesty: A multidimensional scaling analysis. The Journal of Higher Education, 74(2), 196–209.
Romerhausen, N. J. (2013). Strategies to enhance student success: A discourse analysis of academic advice in international student handbooks. Journal of International Students, 3(2), 129–139.
Seider, S., Novick, S., & Gomez, J. (2013). Cultivating the academic integrity of urban adolescents with ethical philosophy programming. Peabody Journal of Education, 88(2), 142–158.
Sorgo, A., Vavdi, M., Cigler, U., & Kralj, M. (2015). Opportunity makes the cheater: high school students and academic dishonesty. CEPS Journal, 5(4), 67–87.
Stephens, J. M., & Wangaard, D. B. (2013). Using the epidemic of academic dishonesty as an opportunity for character education: A three-year mixed methods study (with mixed results). Peabody Journal of Education, 88(2), 159–179.
Stephens, J. M., & Wangaard, D. B. (2016). The achieving with integrity seminar: an integrative approach to promoting moral development in secondary school classrooms. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 12(3). doi:10.1007/s40979-016-0010-1
Stoesz, B., & Yudintseva, A. (2018). Effectiveness of tutorials for promoting educational integrity: a synthesis paper. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 14(1), 1–22.
Strom, P. S., & Strom, R. D. (2007). Cheating in middle school and high school. The Educational Forum, 71(2), 104–116.
Sureda-Negre, J., Comas-Forgas, R., & Oliver-Trobat, M. F. (2015). Plagio académico entre alumnado de secundaria y bachillerato: Diferencias en cuanto al género y la procrastinación. (Spanish) [Academic plagiarism among secondary and high school students: Differences in gender and procrastination]. Comunicar, 22(44), 103–111. https://doi.org/10.3916/C44-2015-11
Szilagyi, A. (2014). Nigerian students’ perceptions and cultural meaning construction regarding academic integrity in the online international classroom. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-learning, 17(1), 172–189.
Vermunt, J. D. (2006). Docent van deze tijd: Leren en laten leren. [Teacher in our time: Learn and let learn]. Didactiek van het doceren en van het opleiden van docenten [Inaugural speech at the acceptance of the chair]. Utrecht University.
Winrow, A. R. (2015). Academic integrity and the heterogeneous student body. Global Education Journal, 2015(2).
How to Cite
All published articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License.