International Students by Treaty:

Common Space, Different Vulnerabilities


  • Cherry-Ann Smart Information Smart Consulting



Caribbean, COVID-19, developing nations, higher education, international students, Looming Vulnerability, natural disaster, perception


International or non-national students in the Anglophone Caribbean are affected by disasters that affect their experiences in the host country. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted latent concerns such as prejudices, border issues, and weak institutional support despite the existence of geo-political treaties. Using content analysis, and incorporating a transformative lens, the research examined factors that contributed to these students’ vulnerabilities at institutions of higher education in the Caribbean during the pandemic. The results showed that non-national students’ mental well-being was affected by several factors including institutional role, management of communication, lived-experiences, access to resources, their government’s expression of financial support, and perceived discrimination from the host community. The article highlighted the potential for further marginalization of international students in the absence of pragmatic disaster preparedness plans.

Author Biography

Cherry-Ann Smart, Information Smart Consulting

CHERRY-ANN SMART, PhD is an independent researcher resident in Jamaica, West Indies. Her research interests focus on the international experience of Caribbean students, border issues as they affect human migration, social identity, inclusivity and diversity in the field of information and the wider society.


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How to Cite

Smart, C.-A. (2022). International Students by Treaty: : Common Space, Different Vulnerabilities. Journal of International Students, 12(4).



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