COVID-19 anxiety and grit among university students


  • Lester Archer Western Kentucky University



Anxiety, COVID-19, Grit, University students


This study examines differences in anxiety levels among university students. Of particular concern is COVID-19 anxiety and differences among enrollment levels. The study employed a cross-sectional survey research design and snowball sampling. The sample of 55 university students included 16 graduate students. Anxiety was measured by the Coronavirus anxiety scale (CAS) by Lee. The non-parametric analysis included Quade’s ANCOVA. Results suggest that although there are differences in anxiety levels between genders, no significant differences were found among enrollment levels after controlling for beginning year anxiety. Findings suggest that although there were no statistical differences among enrollment levels, the higher level of anxiety among seniors and females suggest that these groups need additional attention during pandemic.


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How to Cite

Archer, L. (2024). COVID-19 anxiety and grit among university students. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Perspectives in Higher Education, 9(1), 1–17.