Unravelling Indigenous Pedagogy

Tracing Dances and Songs of Dangaura Tharus

Authors

  • Nathuram Chaudhary Farwestern University

Keywords:

Dangaura Tharus, learning theories, Tharu dances and songs, Indigenous Pedagogy, Nepal

Abstract

This paper attempts to explore the underpinning pedagogy in Tharu culture – songs and dances of Dangaura Tharus- performed in various feast and festivals. Along with this, my study focused on examining the connections of the Tharus' pedagogies with that of the formal and non-formal schools. I employed interpretivism as a research paradigm and ethnography as a research design which includes focus group discussion, observation and interview with Chairperson of Guruwas (Tharu Priests), 4 Morihyas (leader of Singer), 4 Barghars (village Chief) and 4 Tharu social elites of the Kailali district of the Far western province as methodology. I interpreted the pedagogy embedded in Tharu dances and songs; interconnected to western learning theories, Gardner's multiple intelligence theory and Aboriginal pedagogy. I theorize the objectives, contents, teaching methods, evaluation process and revision process embedded in Tharu songs and dances. I concluded that each culture has its own pedagogical process and pedagogy embedded in any culture can be applied for learning in formal as well as non-formal education systems. It is where I expect that the present study is of substantial importance for the teachers, educational planners, policy makers of formal education.

 

यस अध्ययनले डंगौरा थारु संस्कृतिका नाच तथा गीतहरु कसरी शिक्षण कलाको रुपमा प्रयोग गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने बारेमा अनुसन्धान गर्ने प्रयासगरेको छ । यो मेरो खोजले थारुहरुको अध्यापनकला र औपचारिक तथा अनौपचारिक शिक्षा बीचको समबन्धलाई पनि दर्शाएको छ । योअनुसन्धान एथनोगा्रफी डिजाइनमा आधारित रहेर गरिएको छ जसमा मैले सुदूरपश्चिम प्रदेशको कैलाली जिल्लाका गुरुवाको अध्यक्ष (थारुपुरोहितहरु),४ जना मौरियाहरु (गायकका नेताहरु), ४ जना बरघरहरु (गाउँका मुखिया) तथा ४ जना थारु समाजका अगुवाहरुसँग छलफल तथाअन्तर्वार्ता लिएको छु । थारु संस्कृतिका नाच तथा गीतमा भएका शिक्षणकलाहरु तथा पशिचीमा शिक्षा सिकाइका सिद्धान्तहरु गार्डनरको बहुबुद्धिमत्ता सिद्धान्त तथा आदिवासी शिक्षाशास्त्र बीचको अन्तर समबन्धीत छ । मैले थारु गीत तथा नृत्यका उद्देश्य,विषयवस्तु, शिक्षण विधि, मूल्यांकन प्रक्रिया र परिमर्जनका प्रक्रियालाई प्रस्तुत गरेको छु । सबै संस्कृतिका फरक फरक शिक्षणकलाहरु हुन्छ र तिनिहरुलाई औपचारिकतथा अनौपचारिक शिक्षण सिकाईमा प्रयोग र्गन सकिन्छ भन्ने यो अध्ययनको निष्र्कष हो । यो अन्वेषणले शिक्षक,शैक्षिक योजनाकारहरु, औपचारिक शिक्षका निति निर्माताहरुका लागि महत्व राख्छ भन्ने अपेक्षा गरेको छु ।

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2021-11-05

How to Cite

Chaudhary, N. (2021). Unravelling Indigenous Pedagogy: Tracing Dances and Songs of Dangaura Tharus. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Perspectives in Higher Education, 6(2), 126–155. Retrieved from https://ojed.org/index.php/jimphe/article/view/3851