Academic Culture and Talent Cultivation

The Chinese Experience

Authors

  • Célestine Laure Djiraro Mangue
  • Jean Gonondo University of Maroua

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32674/jcihe.v13i1.3133

Keywords:

academic culture, talent cultivation, Chinese higher education, academic outlooks, academic spirit, academic ethics, academic environments

Abstract

This study aims at introducing and discussing the concept of ‘academic culture,’ the Chinese concept of ‘talent cultivation’, and the influence of ‘academic culture’ in the process of ‘talent cultivation’in the Chinese context. It uses the analysis of some observation notes and relevant literature that examines the issue of ‘academic culture’. The Chinese ‘talent cultivation’is fascinating and seems useful due to the significant development of the higher education system with the increasing internationalization and the innovation of scholars. However, some challenges such as academic scandals and academic corruption, the falsification and plagiarism of academic achievements, the phenomenon of money-worshipping, the vulgar pragmatism, the utilitarianism, the academic creation of falsehood, the culture of guanxi, the lack of talent competition, and the lack of competition with consciousness remain actual. It appears that the cultivation of creative talent and innovative research involves the enhancement of the whole academic organization and environment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027

Bush, T., & Haiyan, Q. (2000). Leadership and Culture in Chinese Education. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 20(2), 58–67. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2000.10600183

Cai, Y. (2011). Chinese Higher Education: Reforms and Tendencies. Implications for Norwegian higher education in cooperating with China. Norwegian centre for international cooperation in higher education (SIU).

Cai, Y. (2013). Chinese and higher education: The challenges in the past two decades and reform tendencies up to 2020. In L. Da Costa Ferreira & J. A. Guilhon Albuquerque (Eds.), China and Brazil: Challenges and opportunities (pp. 91–118). Annablume.

Cai, Y., & Yan, F. (2019). Developing Chinese Higher Education in Tensions, An Conclusion. In M. A. Peters (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory,. Springer Nature Singapore.

Chai, Y. (2014). From socialist danwei to new danwei: A daily-life-based framework for sustainable development in urban China. Asian Geographer, 31(2), 183–190. https://doi.org/10.1080/10225706.2014.942948

Chen, C., & Uttal, D. H. (1988). Cultural Values, Parents’ Beliefs, and Children’s Achievement in the United States and China. Human Development, 31(6), 351–358. https://doi.org/10.1159/000276334

Chen, S., & Macfarlane, B. (2015). Academic Integrity in China. In T. A. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 1–6). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-079-7_32-1

Clark, B. (1980). Academic Culture (Working Paper YHERG-42).

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches (3rd ed.). SAGE Publications.

Dewey, J. (1922). Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the philosophy of Education (4th ed.). The Macmillan Company.

Dill, D. D. (1982). The management of academic culture: Notes on the management of meaning and social integration. Higher Education, 11(3), 303–320. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00155621

Gonondo, J. (2016). University campus culture connotation, characteristics and functions. International Journal of Academic Research and Development, 1(10), 36–40.

Ingleby, R., & Chung, M. (2009). Cultural issues in commencing the supervision of Chinese research students. 51(2), 7.

Jiang, X. (2011). Challenges for College-Level Learners of Academic English Writing in China. In M. S. Plakhotnik, S. M. Nielsen, & D. M. Pane (Eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth Annual College of Education & GSN Research Conference (pp. 95–100). Florida International University. http://coeweb.fiu.edu/research_conference/

Li, Y. (2010). Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education. Research in Comparative and International Education, 5(1), 58–76. https://doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2010.5.1.58

Lichtman, M. (2013). Qualitative Research in Education: A User’s Guide (3rd ed.). SAGE.

Mattisson Ekstam, J. (2015). Cultural and Academic Meetings in the Writing Classroom: China and the West. Sino-US English Teaching, 12(4), 241–249. https://doi.org/10.17265/1539-8072/2015.04.001

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. Jossey-Bass.

Merriam, S. B., & Tisdell, E. J. (2016). Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. Jossey-Bass.

Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. (2019, October 22). Overview of educational achievements in China in 2018. http://en.moe.gov.cn/documents/reports/201910/t20191022_404775.html

Mohrman, K., Geng, Y., & Wang, Y. (2011). Faculty Life in China. The NEA 2011 Almanac of Higher Education.

Higher Education Law of the People’s Republic of China, Pub. L. No. 7 (1998).

Ortega y Gasset, J., & Nostrand, H. L. (2007). Mission of the university. Routledge.

Price, L., Richardson, J. T. E., Robinson, B., Ding, X., Sun, X., & Han, C. (2011). Approaches to studying and perceptions of the academic environment among university students in China. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 31(2), 159–175. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2011.566996

Qiping, Y., & White, G. (1994). The ‘Marketisation’ of Chinese Higher Education: A critical assessment. Comparative Education, 30(3), 217–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305006940300305

Rungfamai, K. (2014). State, Society, and University: Historical Context of Chinese Higher Education. SUSURGALUR: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, 2(2).

Shen, X., & Tian, X. (2012). Academic Culture and Campus Culture of Universities. Higher Education Studies, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v2n2p61

Sit, H. H. W. (2013). Characteristics of Chinese Students’ Learning Styles. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, 62, 36–39. https://doi.org/10.7763/IPEDR.2013.V62.8

Sui, Y. (2013). Lixing hanwei daxue [Defending The University With Reason]. Beijng daxue chuban she [Peking University Press].

Sui, Y. (2017). Lun daxue wenhua [About the University Culture]. In Lun daxue [About University]. Renmin jiaoyu chuban she [People’s Education Press].

Sui, Y., Yu, T., Li, P., Wang, Z., & Kan, L. (2016). Daxue wenhua sixiang ji wenhua yu ren yanjiu [Research on University Culture Thought and Education Culture]. Zhejiang daxue chuban she [Zhejiang University Press].

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & Devault, M. L. (2016). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods: A Guide Book and Ressources (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Tian, M., Su, Y., & Ru, X. (2016). Perish or Publish in China: Pressures on Young Chinese Scholars to Publish in Internationally Indexed Journals. Publications, 4(2), 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/publications4020009

Wang, L. (2014). Quality Assurance in Higher Education in China: Control, Accountability and Freedom. Policy and Society, 33(3), 253–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polsoc.2014.07.003

Wang, Q., & Han, Y. (2005). Yīliú dàxué yǔ dàxué jīngshén [First-class University and University Spirit]. Zhèjiāng Dàxué Xuébào (Rénwén Shèhuì Kēxué Bǎn) [Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities and Social Sciences)], 35(6), 137–142.

Wu, X., & Jia, D. (2007). Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China’s Universities. Chinese Education & Society, 40(6), 67–76. https://doi.org/10.2753/ced1061-1932400610

Xie, L., Cheng, J., & Fan, Y. (2014). Innovation of Talent Cultivation Mode under the Background of Transnational Cooperation. Education Research Frontier, 4(2), 35–41.

Xu, L. (2001). Gaodeng jiaoyu xitong—Xueshu zuzhi wenhua qian xi [The Culture on Academic Organization]. Zhejiang Daxue Xuebao (Renwen Shehui Kexue Xueban) [Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities and Social Science)], 31(3).

Yang, R. (2015). Reassessing China’s Higher Education Development: A Focus on Academic Culture. Asia Pacific Education Review, 16(4), 527–535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-015-9397-2

Yang, R. (2016). Toxic Academic Culture in East Asia. International Higher Education, 84, 15–16. https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2016.84.9112

Yi, L. (2011). Auditing Chinese higher education? The perspectives of returnee scholars in an elite university. International Journal of Educational Development, 31(5), 505–514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.03.003

Yin, R. K. (2011). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish. Guilford Press.

Yu, C., & Jia, H. (2009). On the Cultivation of Innovative Talents in Colleges and Universities. International Education Studies, 2(4), 162–167. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v2n4p162

Yu, R. (2018). Gāoxiào rénshì zhìdù shì rúhé sùzào jiàoshī xuéshù shēnghuó de? [How does Organization of Academic Systems Shape Academic Life?]. Dàxué zìzhì: Lǐlùn yǔ shíjiàn xuéshù yánjiū tǎo huì [’’University Autonomy: Theory and Practice’’ Academic Research Symposium], 129–141.

Zhao, X. (2010). Market Forces in Higher Education—Chinese and British Experience between Mid-1980s and Mid-1990s. International Education Studies, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v3n1p66

Downloads

Published

2021-03-23

How to Cite

Djiraro Mangue, C. L., & Gonondo, J. (2021). Academic Culture and Talent Cultivation: The Chinese Experience. Journal of Comparative &Amp; International Higher Education, 13(1), 133–150. https://doi.org/10.32674/jcihe.v13i1.3133

Issue

Section

Research Article