The Implications of Work-Based Learning Initiatives in Malaysia Universities

Developing International Postgraduate Students’ Employability



With the increasing transnational student movement and changing nature of work, the need for universities to produce work-ready international student graduates as transnational human capital has become a major concern for all countries including Malaysia. This chapter aims, via content analysis and interviews, to (a) explore the Work-Based Learning initiatives (WBLi’s) integrated into the postgraduate programmes for international students in Malaysia and (b) appraise the capabilities of the country’s universities to facilitate WBLi’s. As the outcomes from eleven sample Malaysian universities (both public and private) have revealed, the WBL practices here are found to be still in a developing/emerging process. It can be accentuated by extending the scope of WBLi’s scope in the curricula, increasing industrial collaboration, and bringing necessary changes in relevant policies.


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Author Biographies

Shamima, Multimedia University Malaysia

SHAMIMA RAIHAN MANZOOR, PhD, is affiliated with the Faculty of Management, Multimedia University Cyberjaya, Malaysia. Dr Shamima’s research interests include higher education marketing, international student mobility, quantitative research methods, and management. She has published several articles in high-impact journals and has presented at national and international conferences in Indonesia, Malaysia, Spain, Turkey, and the USA. 

Mahmud, MAHSA University Malaysia

ABDULLAH AL MAHMUD, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer at the Centre for Education and Language, MAHSA University Malaysia. Dr Mahmud’s research interests include social justice approach in education, critical pedagogy, TESL, sociolinguisitcs, applied linguistics, and cross-national education.



How to Cite

Manzoor, S. R., JASVIR KAUR NACHATAR SINGH, & Abdullah Al Mahmud. (2022). The Implications of Work-Based Learning Initiatives in Malaysia Universities: Developing International Postgraduate Students’ Employability. STAR Scholar Books. Retrieved from