What Counts as Internationalization and for Whom

Comprehensive Internationalization at Historically Black Colleges and Universities


  • Harvey Charles University at Albany, SUNY
  • 'Dimeji Togunde Spelman College


This chapter explores the issue of what counts as internationalization at HBCUs in terms of the elements of comprehensive internationalization articulated by the American Council on Education.  It acknowledges the variations in engagement with internationalization at HBCUs and the difficulties, including financing, that have exacerbated the challenges they face. The chapter argues that comprehensive internationalization is the only strategy that will allow these institutions to respond to the exacting and unyielding forces of globalization and it offers multiple examples of strategic engagement in this work that are both affordable and productive. The chapter challenges HBCUs to reckon with the indispensability of internationalization by making it a core priority in their strategic-planning processes.


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Author Biographies

Harvey Charles, University at Albany, SUNY

HARVEY CHARLES, PhD, is a Professor of International in the Department of Educational Leadership, School of Education, at the University at Albany, SUNY.  His major research interests lie in international education leadership, comprehensive internationalization and global learning.  Email: hcharles@albany.edu

'Dimeji Togunde, Spelman College

‘DIMEJI TOGUNDE, PhD, is Vice Provost for Global Education and Professor of International Studies at the Gordon-Zeto Center for Global Education, Spelman College. His roles include providing leadership for the design and implementation of the College’s Strategic Planning on campus internationalization (2017-2022) and the institutionalization of the recently concluded and successful Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP 2016), also known as Spelman Going Global!, which is the centerpiece of the College’s reaffirmation of accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACSCOC).

Email: dtogunde@spelman.edu



How to Cite

Charles, H., & Togunde, ’Dimeji. (2021). What Counts as Internationalization and for Whom: Comprehensive Internationalization at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. STAR Scholar Books. Retrieved from https://ojed.org/index.php/gsm/article/view/3019