Career Development of International Students in U.S. Community Colleges: A Literature Review


  • Hannah Rapp University of Wisconsin- Madison
  • Ran Liu University of Wisconsin Madison
  • Yi-jung Wu University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Xiaoli Jing McGill University


Chapter 6|15 pages International Students' Career Development Preparation at the American Community College By Hannah Rapp, Yi-jung Wu, Ran Liu, Xiaoli Jing

With the accelerating trends of globalization, neoliberalism, and education internationalization, an increasing number of international students choose to study in U.S. community colleges. In order to understand these students’ unique career development path, our chapter reviews the career expectations and aspirations of international students attending U.S. community colleges, the common challenges during their career preparations, and the effectiveness of on-campus career services provided by community colleges. We then discuss the limitations of the current research and provide future research directions. In the end, we present implications of the findings for community colleges to better support international students’ career development needs.


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Author Biographies

Hannah Rapp, University of Wisconsin- Madison

Hannah Rapp is Ph.D. student at the Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Wisconsin- Madison. She is interested in many topics: social-emotional learning in schools, the well-being of international students, inherent worth, and forgiveness. She has recently completed a meta-analytic review of Forgiveness Education which she hopes to release in publication this Fall.  E-mail:

Ran Liu, University of Wisconsin Madison

Ran Liu, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Educational Policy Studies at the University of Wisconsin Madison. Her research focuses on gender inequality in STEM education, education systems and reforms in East Asia, and quantitative methods in education research. Her recent publications appear in the American Educational Research Journal, Comparative Education Review, Social Forces, and Comparative Education.  E-mail:

Yi-jung Wu, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Yi-jung Wu is a Ph.D. student at the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States. Her research interests include international education, career development, STEM education and K-12 school leadership. She has published papers in peer-review journals such as Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning and Attention Perception & Psychophysics. E-mail:

Xiaoli Jing, McGill University

Xiaoli Jing is a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Integrated Studies in Education, McGill University, Canada, funded by China Scholarship Council-McGill University Joint Scholarship. Her research interests include international education, transnational education, and international student mobility. She has published over ten papers in peer-review journals such as Higher Education, Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, and Comparative Education Review in China. E-mail:



How to Cite

Rapp, H., Liu, R., Wu, Y.- jung, & Jing, X. (2021). Career Development of International Students in U.S. Community Colleges: A Literature Review. STAR Scholar Books. Retrieved from



International Students in Community Colleges (Published)