The Trauma-Informed Ethical Decision-Making Model: An Integrative Framework


  • Cortny Stark University of Colorado Colorado Springs
  • Jose Luis Tapia-Fuselier, Jr University of Colorado, Colorado Springs
  • Kate Bunch Trauma Treatment Center



Trauma-informed, ethical decision-making, counselor education, trauma, stress


The prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences, and recent increase in stress during the COVID-19 crisis necessitates the practice of trauma-informed care in counseling. When addressing ethical concerns that emerge during counseling, attention to the principles of trauma-informed care is of critical importance. The purpose of this conceptual piece is to propose a Trauma-informed Ethical Decision-making Model that integrates trauma-informed standards (SAMHSA, 2014), with the proposed Principles of Trauma-informed Practice, and Kitchener and Anderson’s (2011) ethical decision-making model. This Trauma-informed Ethical Decision-making Model may provide counselors, particularly counselors-in-training, with a framework for addressing ethical concerns with client survivors of trauma. The framework may also provide counselor educators with a framework to support the development of curriculum regarding trauma-informed practice and ethical decision-making.


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How to Cite

Stark, C., Tapia-Fuselier, Jr, J. L., & Bunch, K. (2022). The Trauma-Informed Ethical Decision-Making Model: An Integrative Framework. Journal of Trauma Studies in Education, 1(1), 86–103.



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