Best Practice PBIS Implementation

Evidence Indicators in Each Tier of the PBIS Champion Model


  • Jessica Djabrayan Hannigan California State University, Fresno
  • John Hannigan Office of the Fresno County Superintendent of Schools, Fresno, CA



Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports, PBIS, evidence indicators, implementation, school administrators, school culture


This study presents empirical data on the best practice implementation of the Positive BehaviorInterventions and Supports (PBIS) Champion Modeling schools at each of the three tiers of implementation. The purpose of this study was to identify PBIS best practices evidence indicators for each of the tiers. The design included a review of evidence indicators from a cohort of schools (N = 117) that participated in a three-year PBIS Champion Model workshop series during the 2016-2019 school years and met model criteria for implementation based on the PBIS ChampionModel Framework. Evidence indicators were collected and analyzed from schools that met the requirements of each implementation level. While some met the requirements of all three levels, others met those of two, one, or none. Of the 117 schools in the cohort, 113schools met the Tier 1 level (Bronze) requirement, 94met the Tier 2 level (Silver) requirement, and 86 met the Tier 3 level (Gold) requirement. The findings indicate a variety of evidence indicators in each tier of the PBIS Champion Model Framework (i.e., processes, protocols, training, communication structures) that aligns with Deming’s Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA)cycle for quality implementation. This study presents a practical resource that can guide successful systemic implementation of PBIS in each tier and can support student academic learning and behavior in those schools.


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Author Biographies

Jessica Djabrayan Hannigan, California State University, Fresno

Jessica Hannigan, Ed. D., is an assistant professor in the Educational Leadership Department at California State University, Fresno. She works with schools and districts throughout the nation on designing and implementing effective behavior systems.

John Hannigan, Office of the Fresno County Superintendent of Schools, Fresno, CA

John Hannigan, Ed. D., is an executive leadership coach for Fresno County Superintendent of Schools in California. He has served in education for over 15 years as a principal, assistant principal, instructional coach, and teacher.






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