An Exploration of New Superintendent Mentoring and Goal Setting


  • Jia “Grace” Liang Kansas State University
  • Donna Augustine-Shaw Kansas State University
  • James Sottile Missouri State University



mentoring, superintendent, leadership standards


Using surveys and focus group interviews, this study explored the perspectives of new school superintendents and their mentors on goal setting in relation to national leadership standards in a formal mentoring and induction program. While the two groups shared certain views, statistically significant differences were found. The mentees displayed a contextualized understanding of advocacy--more related to local community values and beliefs than those of national or international views. The issue of goal setting, or lack thereof, and the engagement of national leadership standards to mentoring are most prominent and novel in this study.


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Author Biographies

Jia “Grace” Liang, Kansas State University

Jia "Grace" Liang, Ph.D., holds a doctorate in educational administration and policy from the University of Georgia. She is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Educational Leadership at KansasState University, 1114 Mid-Campus Drive N., Manhattan,KS 66506. She may be contacted or 785-532-5535. Her research interests focus on school leadership, capacity building in teaching and leading, equity for women and racial minorities, and leadership for community engagement.

Donna Augustine-Shaw, Kansas State University

Donna Augustine-Shaw, EdD, holds a doctorate in educational administration from Wichita State University and is an associate professor in the Department of Educational Leadership at Kansas State University. She may be contacted at Her areas of research are the superintendency and mentoring.

James Sottile, Missouri State University

James Sottile, Ph.D., holds a doctoral degree in educational psychology from West Virginia University and is a Professor in the College of Education at MissouriState University, Springfield, MO 65897. He may be contacted at His research interests are related to equity and diversity in education, student development, teacher professional development in math and science, academic integrity, and program assessment and evaluation.






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